Lawful fiction of organization
The significant way of working together in the Philippines stays to be the enterprise. All the more so since we have the "one individual organization" as ordered by the Revised Corporation Code. Also, to numerous individuals, it appears to be an extremely oversimplified thing — it is basically the vehicle utilized for one to work together.
In any case, and this may shock numerous non-legal counselors out there, an enterprise is in reality substantially more confounded than just being an approach to direct business. Some legitimate researchers have investigated and talked about the idea of an enterprise top to bottom. I, myself, have composed a paper or two on the subject as a law understudy back when I was an individual from my graduate school's law diary.
For example, a company is, actually, only a fiction. A legitimate fiction, yet a fiction.
It is commonly characterized as "one of the types of affiliation having the rights and relations, and the trademark ascribes of a lawful element unmistakable from that of the people who make it or represent it in practicing its capacities." (Robert L. Gottier, I Fletcher Cyc. Corp. § 1.) However, the possibility of the partnership as a legitimate element or individual separated from its individuals is a simple fiction of the law, presented for the accommodation of leading the business in this special way.
The corporate substance is along these lines only a medium, one of numerous accessible to finance managers, by which business exercises can effectively be attempted. It is a proficient medium absolutely due to the fiction of lawful substance, which the law has concurred. It implies that the investors of an organization are not quite the same as the company itself.
At the end of the day, an organization is just a legitimate fiction to permit finance managers/investors to lead business through a specific vehicle (for example the partnership) as a different substance and character from themselves, with the ability and force conceded by law to go into exchanges, among others. However, more significantly, since a partnership is treated as a different element, with a different and particular juridical character from the investors of that company, investors can't, when in doubt, be made to respond in due order regarding all the liabilities of that enterprise. If at any point, an investor must be caused at risk to up to the degree of his shareholding in that organization. This is subject, obviously, to the arrangements of law and to the lawful teaching known as Piercing the Veil of Corporate Fiction given by statute, which manages deceitful exchanges of partnerships and different maltreatments of the corporate structure.
And this streams from the unmistakable lawful fiction of a partnership having a different and particular legitimate character.
Furthermore, when does this different and unmistakable lawful character start? When does the lawful fiction of a partnership exist? The second when the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) through its Company Registration and Monitoring Department (CRMD) executes and gives the authentication of joining. No organization can exist in the Philippines without the SEC, in short.
This duty with respect to the organization makes the Philippine SEC novel among protections controllers in Asia, if not on the planet. We have double capacities in that we are both the protections controller and must manage the capital business sectors, and furthermore the organization recorder, in that companies are fused through the commission (along these lines making us additionally the corporate controller). It is the last capacity of an organization enlistment center for which the commission is more acclaimed for.
We, at the commission, are mindful of this capacity and obligation, which is the reason we have allotted generous assets for the enrollment of enterprises, for example, assigning an entire office with an enormous number of workforce; setting-up of online organization enlistment frameworks, i.e., the Company Registration System, the Interim Online Registration System for one-individual companies and companies with two to five incorporators; associations with various government offices, for example, the Department of Information and Communications Technology and the Anti-Red Tape Authority to dispatch the Central Business Portal for united business enlistment. Besides, we have various ventures with global associations for the improvement of the Company Registration System.
As an aside, it might intrigue the peruser to realize that the business area is still dynamic and keen on working together in the Philippines. In light of reports from our CRMD, there is a hefty volume of corporate enlistments currently, in any event, during this pandemic. At present, the quantity of corporate enlistments is about equivalent to that previous this year, pre-Covid malady 2019 (Covid-19). Consequently, it appears that numerous individuals actually need to work together and see openings in the Philippine economy, regardless of Covid-19.
Considering the various business enlistments, I am very idealistic about the Philippine economy. Indeed, there have been misfortunes, and likely some approaching business terminations because of Covid-19. Yet, the reality remains that — if the quantity of business enrollments for companies are any sign — there is an explanation behind expectation in the Philippines and its economy. Furthermore, that, women and respectable men, isn't legitimate fiction.